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2015年在职研究生联考英语章节过关:阅读理解二

2015-08-27 15:28:19 信息来源:www.ky100.cn 点击: 【字体:

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  The questions of what children learn,and how they should learn it,is continually being debated and redebated.Nobody dares any longer to defend the old system,the learning of lessons parrot—fashion,the grammar with a whip system,which was good enough for our grandparents.The theories of modern psychology have stepped into argue that we must understand the needs of children.Children are not just small adults;they are children who must be respected as such.

  Well,you may say,this is as it should be,and a good idea.But think further.What happens?“Education”becomes the responsibility not of teachers.but of psychologists.What happens then? Teachers worry too much about the psychological implications of their lessons,and forget about the subjects themselves.If a child dislikes a lesson,the teacher feels that it is his fault,not the child’s.So teachers worry whether history is “relevant”to modem young children.And do they dare to recount stories about violent battles? Or will this make the children themselves violent? Can they tell their classes about children of different races,or will this encourage racial hatred? Why teach children to write grammatical sentences? Verbal expression is better.Sums? Arithmetic? No:real—life mathematical situations are more understandable.

  You see.you can go too far.Influenced by educational theorists,who have nothing better to do than write books about their ideas,teachers leave their teacher—training colleges filled with grand,psychological ideas about children and their needs.They make elaborate,sophisticated preparations and try out their“modern methods”on the long—suffering children.Since one“modem method”rapidly replaces another,the poor kids will have had a good bellyful(满肚子)by the time they leave schoo1.Frequently the modem methods are so sophisticated that they fail to be understood by the teachers,let alone the children.

  1.It can be inferred from the passage that the author .

  A.hasn’t formed his own opinion on the problem

  B.defend the old system which was good enough for our grandparents

  C.think that we should treat the modem methods calmly and not overcorrect the old system

  D.accept the theories of modem psychology totally

  2.According to the passage,which of the following statements is NOT true?

  A.Neither teachers nor children Call understand the modem methods.

  B.Children must be understood and respected.

  C.Children were made to learn passively under the old system.

  D.Children are small adults and know what they need.

  3.What happens when teachers focus too much attention on the psychological method of their lessons?

  A.Education of children becomes the responsibility of psychologists.

  B.They neglect the actual lessons.

  C.Children dislike their lessons.

  D.They dare not to recount stories about violent battles.

  4.Why is verbal expression better than grammatical sentences?

  A.Because verbs are more useful.

  B.Because talking freely without sentences is a better form of expression.

  C.Because formal grammar rules might cause unnatural expression.

  D.Because educational theorists encourage to teach children verbal expression.

  5.According to the passage,the author’attitude toward educational theorists is .

  A.approval B.admiring

  C.unbiased D.critical

  参考答案:

  1-5 C D B C D

(编辑:考翼网-在职研究生)

距考试时间还有

截止报名时间还有

准考证打印日期:2015年8月17-9月10日

考试时间:2015年10月25号

截止报名日期:2015年7月10号